Macular Degeneration Treatment

Macular degeneration is a disease which attacks the macula of the eye, where our sharpest central vision occurs and is a common cause of sight deterioration.



Macular degeneration is characterised by a slow and progressive reduction in the ability to determine fine detail, dimming of color vision and loss or blurring of central vision. This affects the ability to read, recognise faces and watch television as well other daily tasks. It is usually age related but there may be other causes such as in people who are very short sighted or who have an inherited tendency.

Types & Treatment of Macular Degeneration

Type: Dry Macular Degeneration

More common form of macular degeneration and is caused by a breakdown of cells within the macula causing thinning.


Currently there is no medical procedure to reverse the effects of dry macular degeneration, but treatments are available that are aimed at maintaining vision for as long as possible.

Type: Wet Macular Degeneration

Less common form of macular degeneration in which leaking abnormal blood vessels at the macula cause scarring and potentially dramatic sight deterioration.


Until recently there was really very little treatment for this condition. There is now treatment for the more severe ‘wet’ form of macular degeneration with drugs that cause the abnormal blood vessels at the macula to shrink. The drugs are injected into the eye painlessly with the assistance of local anaesthetic. A number of injections may be necessary to control the growth of the abnormal blood vessels.

Support Agencies for Macular Degeneration

There are a number of support agencies to help those affected by MD including The Macular Degeneration Foundation and Vision Australia.

MD Foundation        Vision Australia

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